Fabric, needle, and thread:
|Traditionally, sashiko uses light colored thread over darker shades of fabric. Again, the most popular shade was dark blue or indigo, and white cotton thread was used to work over it. These days, you can always experiment with the color shade of the fabric or thread to apply the sashiko technique.|
The fabric used popularly was and still is cotton. Tightly woven even weave fabric can be good for sahiko. These days, silk and wool is also catching up on popularity.
The sahiko thread is made of pure cotton and has no sheen. It has a heavier look and is more twisted than the perle cotton thread. If working on a cotton fabric, the sashiko thread can be replaced with perle cotton (#5, preferably) or four strands of cotton floss. Of course, different fabrics would have different thread requirement. For instance, while working on silk, you might use lighter or thinner threads.
Traditionally, the sashiko needle is almost 2 inches long with a small eye. This needle helps in taking many stitches at a time. It is best to avoid short needles as the stitching can become tiresome and time consuming. Try to use a long needle with a comfotably open eye.
|1. Keep the running stitches as even as possible. Any uneveness will easily be shown on the pattern.
2. The stitch on the front side of the fabric is more than the one under. The general ratio is 3:2.
3. Keeping the working thread at a length of 20 inches at a time. That will help in a comfortable stitching.
How to begin, continue, and end:
Traditionally, sashiko does not allow to start or end a stitch with a knot. But, for the ease of it, we can use knots where the reverse of the fabric will not be used or shown. For fabrics where reverse will be shown, use the traditional method as following:
|Consider that the stitch is worked from left to right.
Note that the overlapping of the few stitches is what secures the thread.
Try keeping the ends of the thread at teh reverse side of the fabric.
Cut the ends of the thread as close as possible to the fabric to give a neat appearance.
|Beginning||Continuing with a stitch||Ending|
2. When the reverse side of the fabric is hidden, you can turn using the same thread. You can carry the working thread at the back of the cloth if the distance is not more than an inch. Try to leave the carrying thread loose to avoid puckering of the fabric.
|The corners should be kept sharp. for this, one of the stitch should fall on the corner. That is, the needle should either come up or go in through the corner point. Any other effect other than what is shown in the illustration is wrong. (See the different corners)
The centres should be left open. It should look like as in this illustration. Any thing apart from this is wrong.
|1. Horizontal & vertical lines||2. Diagonal lines||3. Curved lines|
There might are a few ways in which the designs could be transfered to a cloth.
1. Using a tailors’ chalk to draw directly over the cloth.
2. Using a tracing paper to copy the design from the design sheet to the fabric.